How to write a proposal for a research paper?

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General Tips on how to write a proposal for a research paper?

• Is the project worth doing?

  • Will the project/product change the way orthopaedics is practiced?
  • Will the project/product advance orthopaedics?

• How will you do the project?

  • Develop a list of aims and research plan

• Share ideas with colleagues

  • Seek critical feedback – don’t take criticism personally

• Make it easy for the reviewers – peer review is burdensome

  • Keep it short and simple
  • State key points and basic concepts directly – keep it as non-technical as possible (avoid jargon)
  • Keep it neat, easy to navigate, clearly written

Organization on how to write a proposal for a research paper?

• Abstract – succinctly describe every major aspect of the grant – what, why, and how?

  • Section will be read by all reviewers
    • Introduce research question and brief overview of background and significance
    • State specific aims
    • Briefly describe approach and/or methods
    • Highlight the significance
    • Should be written last

• Specific aims – what are you doing?

  • Describe long term goals
    • Pose the research question/reason for the project
    • Focus on aims with good supporting preliminary data and scientific expertise

• Background and Significance – Why are you doing it?

  • State the problem
    • What have others done in this field? – use citations
    • What will this project add to the field? Gaps in knowledge this project intends to fill
    • Why is this worth doing? How’s it innovative?

• Preliminary Studies and Results – what you have already done and how it was done?

  • Describe recent studies relevant to proposed project that establishes capability and feasibility of accomplishing this work

• Research Design and Methods – How you plan to do the research, why you are doing this way, when and where you are doing it?

  • Design overview
    • Detailed description of the methods to be used
    • Describe new methodology to be used
    • Describe how results will be collected, analyzed, interpreted
    • Provide a work plan – projected task sequence and timetable

• Budget Justification

  • Describe duties of all personnel/consultants to be paid

 Be specific, try to identify an individual

  • Justify any equipment needed – software, etc.
    • Detail and justify travel costs
    • Be realistic – padding or under-budgeting will be recognized

What the reviewers are looking for

  • Significance – does the study address an important problem?
  • Approach – Are the conceptual or clinical framework, design, methods, and analysis adequately developed, well-reasoned, and appropriate to accomplishing the aims?
  • Innovation – Is the project original, does the project advance orthopaedics?
  • Investigators – Are the investigators appropriately trained to carry out the work?
  • Environment – Does the proper equipment, collaborations, and subject populations exist to carry out the proposed work?
  • Budget Justifications
  • Inclusion of Women, Minorities, and Children